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Mount Everest

September 11, 2009






Mount. Everest, the highest peak in the world. Height : 8848 meters. It boarders Nepal and Tibet.

Age of Everest:


Everest was formed about 60 million years ago
Elevation:


29,035 (8850m)-found to be 6' higher in 1999
Name in Nepal:


Sagarmatha (means: goddess of the sky)
In Tibet:


Chomolungma: (means: mother goddess of the universe)
Named after:


Sir George Everest in 1865 ,the British surveyor-general of India. Once known as Peak 15
Location:


Latitude 27° 59' N.....Longitude 86° 56' E It's summit ridge seperates Nepal and Tibet
First Ascent:


May 29,1953 by Sir Edmund Hillary, NZ and Tenzing Norgay, NP, via the South Col Route
First Solo Ascent:


Aug. 20,1980, Reinhold Messner, IT, via the NE Ridge to North Face
First winter Ascent:


Feb. 17,1980 -L.Cichy and K. Wielicki, POL
First Ascent by an American:


May 1,1963, James Whittaker, via the South-Col
Mt. Everest rises a few milimeters each year due to geological forces
Everest Name:


Sir George Everest was the first person to record the height and location of Mt. Everest, this is where Mt."Everest" got its name from(In american language)
First Ascent by a Woman:


May 16,1975, Junko Tabei, JAP, via the South-Col
First Ascent by an American Woman:


Sep.29,1988, Stacey Allison, Portland, OR via the South-East Ridge
First Oxygenless Ascent:


May 8, 1978- Reinhold Messner, IT, and Peter Habeler, AUT, via the South-East Ridge
First woman to reach the summit of Mount Everest from both north & south sides:


Cathy O'Dowd (S.A.) South May 25,1996/North '99
Fastest Ascent from South:


Babu Chhiri Sherpa 34, NP-16 hours and 56 minutes (5-21-2000)
Fastest Ascent (north side):


Hans Kammerlander (IT) May,24,1996, via the standard North Col Ridge Route, 16 hours 45 minutes from base camp
Youngest person:


Temba Tsheri (NP) 15 on May,22,2001
Oldest Person:


Sherman Bull May,25,2001 -64 yrs
First Legally Blind Person:


Erik Weihenmeyer May,25,2001
Most Ascents:


Eleven, 24th May 2000 Appa Sherpa became the first person to climb Everest 11 times-Ten, Ang Rita Sherpa, Babu Chiri Sherpa all ascents were oxygen-less.
Best and Worst Years on Everest:


1993, 129 summitted and eight died (a ratio of 16:1); in 1996, 98 summitted and 15 died (a ratio of 6½:1)
Highest cause cause of death:


Avalanches-about a (2:1) ratio over falls
Country with most deaths on mountain:


Nepal-46
Most dangerous area on mountain:


Khumbu Ice Fall-19 deaths
First ski descent:


Davo Karnicar (Slovenia) 10-7-2000
Last year without ascent:


1974
Last year without ascent:


1977
Corpses remaining on Everest:


about 120
Longest stay on top:


Babu Chiri Sherpa stayed at the summit full 21 hours and a half
Largest team:


In 1975, China tackled Everest with a 410-member team.
Fastest descent:


In 1988, Jean-Marc Boivin of France descended from the top in just 11 minutes, paragliding.
Only climber to climb all 4 sides of Everest:


Kushang Sherpa, now an instructor with Himlayan Mountaineering Institute
First person to hike from sea level to summit, no oxygen.:


11th May 1990,Tim Macartney-Snape, Australian
Largest number to reach the top in one day:


40, on May 10, 1993
First person to summit Everest twice:


Nawang Gombu-Nepal(once with Whitaker in '63,and again two years later in '65)Gombu now works for the Himalayan mountaineering institute

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